RCLA Native Plant Mini List, May 2015

These are some of the many plants native to the mid-Atlantic area, which when in bloom, provide nectar and pollen to insects. Some of them are also host plants to the larvae of butterflies and other insects.

Most are available from native plant growers.

Host Quality

Botanical Name

Common Name

Family

Height

Spread

Bloom

Color

Water

Soil

Light

Deer

PNL

Agastache scrophularifolia              

giant purple hyssop

Lamiaceae

3-6

 

7-9

 

m-w

 

psh

 

PNL

Agastache foeniculum

anise hyssop

Lamiaceae

2-4

1-2

6-9

 

m

 

s-psh

 

PN

Aquilegia canadense

American columbine

Ranunculaeae

2.5

 

5-6

r-y

m

 

psh

r

L

Aristolochia macrophylla

Dutchman’s pipe

Aristolochiaceae

vine

15′

5-6

br

m

a

s-sh

 

PNL

Asclepias incarnata

swamp milkweed

Apocynaceae

4

2

7-8

pu

m

a

s

r

PNL

Asclepias syriaca

common milkweed

Apocynaceae

3-5

1

6-8

pk

d-m

p-a

s

r

PNL

Asclepias tuberosa

butterfly weed

Apocynaceae

1-2

1-1.5

7-9

or

d-m

wd

s

r

P

Asimina triloba

pawpaw

Annonaceae

15-30

15-30

April

brown

m

a

psh

 

L

Baptisia australis

false indigo

Fabaceae

3-4

2-3

5-6

bl

d-m

a

s

r

PNL

Boltonia asteroides

boltonia

Asteraceae

5-6

2-3

8-9

wh

m

a

s

r

PNL

Coreopsis lanceolata

lanceleaf coreopsis

Asteraceae

1-2

1-1.5

5-7

yel

d-m

a

s

r

PNL

C. rosea

pink coreopsis

 

1-2

1.5-2.5

6-9

 

m

 

s

PNL

C. verticillata

whorled coreopsis

 

1.5-2

1.5-2

6-8

 

d-m

 

s

BB

Dalea purpurea

purple prairie clover

 

1-3

1-1.5

6-8

pu

m

 

s

 

PN

Echinacea purpurea

coneflower

Asteraceae

2-3

1.5

6-8

wh

m

a

s

r

PNL

Eupatorium purpurea

Joe-pye-weed

Asteraceae

5-8

4 cl

7-9

pu

m-w

 

s-psh

PNL

Eupatorium serotinum

late-flowering thoroughwort

Asteraceae

3-6

2.5-3

8-9

wh

m-w

f

s

r

PNL

Eurybia divaricata

white wood aster

Asteraceae

1-2.5

1.5-2.5

8-9

wh

d-m

a

sh/psh

 

PN

Helenium flexuosum

purple sneezeweed

Asteraceae

1-3

1-2

8-10

yel

m-w

f

s

r

PNL BB

Helianthus angustifolius

swamp sunflower

Asteraceae

1-3

 

8-10

yel

w

 

psh

 

BB

Helianthus salicifolius

willow-leaved sunflower

Asteraceae

6-8

1-3

9-10

yel

m

a

s

 

PNL

Lespedeza virginica

slender bushclover

 

2.5

 

8-9

 

d-m

 

s-ps

 

PNL

Liatris spicata

dense blazingstar

Asteraceae

2-4

.7-1.5

7-8

pu

m

f

s

 

PN

Lobelia cardinalis

cardinal flower

Campanulaceae

2-4

1-2

7-9

red

m-w

f

psh

PN

Lobelia siphilitica

great blue lobelia

Campanulaceae

2-3

1-1.5

7-9

blu

m-w

f

psh

r

PNL

Mimulus ringens

Appalachian monkeyflower

Phrymaceae

1-3

.7-1

6-9

blu

m-w

a

s-psh

r

PN

Monarda didyma

beebalm

Lamiaceae

2-3

2-3

7-9

red

m

f

s-psh

PNW BB

Ratibida pinnata

gray-headed coneflower

Asteraceae

3-5

1-2

6-8

yel

m

 

s

 

PNW

Rudbeckia nitida

shiny coneflower

Asteraceae

4-7

2-3

8-9

yel

m

f, wd

s

r

PN BB

Salvia greggii

autumn sage

Lamiaceae

2-3

2-3

7-10

pk

d-m

 

s

PN

Silphium perfoliatum

cup plant

Asteraceae

4-8

1-3

7-9

yel

m-w

a

s

 

PNL

Solidago rigida

stiff goldenrod

Asteraceae

3-5

1-2.5

8-9

yel

m

a

s

r

PNL

Symphotrichum novae angliae

New England aster

Asteraceae

3-6

2-3

8-9

mag

m

f

s

PNL

Symphotrichum puniceum

purplestem aster

Asteraceae

6-8

2-3

8-9

pu

m-w

a

s

 

PNW

Vernonia novaboracensis

New York ironweed

Asteraceae

4-8

2-4

8-9

pu

m-w

a

s

r

Avoid using chemical pesticides

Key to Abbreviations

a = average     m = moderate     s = sun     BB = bumblebee favored     N = nectar source     sh = shade     d = dry     P = pollen source
W = Winter food for birds    f = fertile    psh = part shade    w = wet
L = larvae host    r = resistant     wd = well-drained

Some Native Plant Sources in the Washington metro area

Chesapeake Natives, Inc., Upper Marlboro, MD
chesapeakenatives.org

Earth Sangha, Fairfax, VA
earthsangha.org

American Native Plants, Perry Hall, MD
americannativeplants.net

Izel Native Plants (on-line ordering)
izelplants.com

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